Third sub-point Assumption As you can see, most arguments actually involve many assumptions, at least one for each sub-point.
Let's talk about directions. Is New York to the right of Chicago? If you think about what you know of U. Chicago is in the interior of the U. New York is east of Chicago, but how about right of Chicago?
That's not quite the same thing, is it? The answer depends on what you can safely assume about your perspective. The answer is "yes, it's to the right" if you assume that the direction is to be judged by someone above the U.
But suppose you make a different assumption. If you were standing inside the Earth at its center, you'd also say New York is to the left. But it would be very odd to assume that the judgment is to be made from either of these perspectives. So, the bottom line here is that it's correct to say New York is to the right of Chicago if you make the normal assumptions about perspective.
Critical thinkers are charitable and not overly picky; they always pay attention to what assumptions are appropriate for the situation.
This handout discusses assumptions using a sample article about environmental racism and Hurricane Katrina. (It’s the same article used in the handout on writing a paragraph outline.). Definition. All arguments require assumptions. This handout discusses different types of assumptions and gives examples. In our sample essay, we’re arguing that the conclusion is weakened by its three unstated assumptions. Try to jazz up your writing with varied sentence structure and a few polysyllabic words. GRE Revised Analytical Writing -- Argument. 10 GRE argument prompts (front) and response directions (back) STUDY. The following appeared as part of a letter to the editor of a scientific journal. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends .
But they aren't so charitable that they overlook significant errors. Some arguments require making an assumption that really is not acceptable, and this is a sign that the argument is faulty or "unsound. This would be a good argument except for the faulty assumption that New York is west of Chicago.
But it's not always so easy to detect the assumptions. Arguments often contain assumptions that aren't stated clearly or are stated indirectly.
Here is an example: The pols keep arguing that institutions can't be changed when, in fact, they change all the time. Haven't they ever heard of the institution of slavery?
The author of this argument is trying to convince the reader that the politicians are wrong in saying that institutions can't be changed. The reason given is that the institution of slavery has changed.
Notice that this reason is expressed indirectly with a question. The question is supposed to have an obvious answer, and it is intended to remind the readers of what they know from history, that the institution of slavery has changed considerably.
Readers of that argument who don't know about the history of slavery or who don't get the author's indirect reference will not appreciate the author's argument. They won't "get it. You need to identify those assumption if you are going to understand the arguments.
It would be helpful if you could simply ask the person what they are assuming, but usually you can't, or, even if you can, you don't want to stop the flow of the conversation in order to ask, so you need to use your detective skills to figure out the relevant assumptions.
Use your detective skills to figure out what is missing in the following argument: In ancient Egypt, one out of three newborns died within the first few months. So, it's pretty clear that pregnant Egyptian women were magnets for demons.
Can you spot the missing assumptions? It's very difficult to discover what the speaker might be thinking other than "If in ancient Egypt, one out of three newborns died within the first few months, then it's pretty clear that pregnant Egyptian women were magnets for demons.
At least it's weird here in the 21st century.
Why make that assumption? It's very unclear what the details are.Being able to spot unstated assumptions is crucial to critical thinking. For a sample question, can you spot the faulty assumption underlying this word problem from a fifth grade mathematics book?
Look at it from the perspective of a book editor who is trying to decide whether to publish the book and is checking the quality of the math problems.
Missing premises (unstated assumptions) were to be included and indicated with an alphabetical letter instead of a number to mark them off from the explicit statements. Scriven introduced counterarguments in his diagrams, which Toulmin had defined as rebuttal.
. AWA Essay Help: Brainstorming and Writing the Argument Prompt. "Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted." I have a resume, letter, email, or personal.
This handout discusses assumptions using a sample article about environmental racism and Hurricane Katrina. (It’s the same article used in the handout on writing a paragraph outline.).
Definition. All arguments require assumptions. This handout discusses different types of assumptions and gives examples. In our sample essay, we’re arguing that the conclusion is weakened by its three unstated assumptions.
Try to jazz up your writing with varied sentence structure and a few polysyllabic words. A Sample “6” Argument Essay: A Sample “3” Argument Essay Yes and yes.
This essay clearly discusses the three unstated assumptions that weaken the argument. Also, the essay has varied sentence essay is not based on the particular length of the essay but instead on the quality of the writing and adherence to ETS’s grading.