It is reproduced in speech. In any language there are certain restrictions imposed upon co-occurence of words. They can be connected with linguistic factors or the ties in the extra-linguistic reality. Free combination Grammatical properties of words are the main factor of their combinability.
However these terms reflect to certain extend the main debatable points of phraseology which centre in the divergent views concerning the nature and essential features of phraseological units as distinguished from the so-called free word-groups [2, p.
Uriel Weinreich expresses his view that an idiom is a complex phrase, the meaning of which cannot be derived from the meanings of its elements. He developed a more truthful supposition, claiming that an idiom is a subset of a phraseological unit. Chafe also lists four features of idioms that make them anomalies in the traditional language unit paradigm: According to the type of meaning phraseological units may be classified into: Idioms are phraseological units with a transferred meaning.
They can be completely or partially transferred red tape [3, p.
Semi-idioms are phraseological units with two phraseosemantic meanings: Phraseomatic units are not transferred at all. Their meanings are literal. Other types of phraseological units are also distinguished: Semantic complexity is one of the most essential qualities of phraseological units.
All these components are organized into a multilevel structure . Idioms contain all information in compressed form. This quality is typical of idioms, it makes them very capacious units idiom is a compressed text. An idiom can provide such a bright explanation of an object that can be better than a sentence.
We can compare idioms with fables the Prodigal son [3, p. Idioms based on cultural components are not motivated the good Samaritan , Lot Troy horse . Phraseological meaning contains background information.
It covers only the most essential features of the object it nominates. It corresponds to the basic concept, to semantic nucleus of the unit. It is the invariant of information conveyed by semantically complicated word combinations and which is not derived from the lexical meanings of the conjoined lexical components .
According to the class the word-combination belongs to, we single out: The information conveyed by phraseological units is thoroughly organized and is very complicated.
It is characterized by: It contains 3 macro-components which correspond to a certain type of information they convey:Phraseological Units: basic concepts and their applicationPhraseology, an established concept in central and eastern Europe, has in recent years received increasing attention in the English-speaking world.
It has long been clear to language learners and teachers that a native speaker's competence in a language goes well beyond a lexico-semantic . Handbook documenting the research of the Swiss phraseology tradition, with chapters on idiom classification, basic terminology, pragmatics, psycholinguistics, language acquisition, contrastive phraseology, and historical phraseology.
This volume contains a section on phraseological units, consisting of seven individual chapters. Although. § Phraseological Units and Idioms Proper As can be inferred from the above discussion, the functional approach does not discard idiomaticity as the main feature distinguishing phraseological units from free word-groups, but seeks to establish formal criteria of idiomaticity by analysing the syntactic function of phraseological units in .
Phraseological unit (also called idiom), a word group with a fixed lexical composition and grammatical structure; its meaning, which is familiar to native speakers of the given language, is generally figurative and cannot be derived from the meanings of the phraseological unit’s component parts.
Phraseological units and idioms as an expressive part of the language's vocabulary Ways of forming phraseological units A.V.
Koonin classified phraseological units according to the way they are formed. “Structure and classification of phraseological units” Essay The vocabulary of a language is enriched not only by words but also by phraseological units.
Phraseological units are word-groups that cannot be made in the process of speech, they exist in the language as ready-made units/5(9).